Gross Rosen

 

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Gross Rosen was a German concentration camp, located in Gross-Rosen in Lower Silesia - now Rogoznica. It was located directly on the rail line between Jawor and Strzegom. Gross Rosen was a German concentration camp set up in 1940 and became an independent camp on May 1, 1941. Its prisoners were destined for hard work in the local granite quarry which belonged to the SS DEST firm. In October 1941 the SS transferred about 3,000 Soviet POWs to Gross-Rosen for execution by shooting.


One of the most tragic periods of this camp’s history was the evacuation. During the transports, some of which lasted even several weeks, died many thousands of prisoners. Prisoners of the main camp in Rogoznica were evacuated in February 1945. The last transport left on 13th of February and abandoned camp was taken by the Russian Army. In March 1947 it was officially handed to polish authorities, which got down setting the post- camp grounds in order and guarding the camp remains. The State Museum Gross- Rosen was founded in 1983 by the power of the Decree of Art and Culture Minister. Goal of the Museum is to accumulate source materials to the history of Gross- Rosen complex, conduct research works and disseminating historical knowledge, protect post- camp remains and make them available for visitors. Works are conducted in three basic departments: Accumulation of Files, Scientific- Research-, and Educational. In the Museum in Rogoznica visitors may see the post-camp territory, the granite quarry- a place of prisoners’ work and another exhibitions like e.g. „KL Gross-Rosen 1941 – 1945″, “Lost Humanity” or „French Barrack”. Very important for Museum’s activity is popularization of issues connected with camp’s history among youth. Every year on first Sunday of September on the former camp grounds are organized anniversary ceremonies with formal field mass in intention of murdered ones. Visiting the territory of the former concentration camp and exhibitions in the Museum takes minimum 2 hours. According to the disposition of the Minister of the National Education, children to the age of 13 years are not permitted to visit Memorial Sites. Pupils should be visiting the Museum under the adults’ care.



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