Geography of Wroclaw


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Wroclaw in Poland is the capital of the Dolnoslaskie province. The city was formerly called Breslau. It is on the Oder River, about 180 miles (290 km) southwest of Warsaw, in Upper Silesia, a region rich in coal and other minerals. Wroclaw is a river port, a railway center, and a major industrial city. It is also a trading center for the surrounding agricultural area. Processed foods, textiles, machinery, and railway cars are produced in the city. Wroclaw has a university established in 1811.

Wroclaw is located in the center of Silesian Lowland 51 07 'north latitude 17 02' eastern length. Wroclaw is one of the warmest cities in Poland. Lying in the Lower-Silesian region, one of the warmest in Poland, the mean annual temperature is 9.8 °C. The coldest month is January (average temperature -0.5°C), and the warmest is July (average temperature 19.9°C). The longest season is summer, which lasts 114 days. The highest temperature in Wroclaw was recorded on 31 July 1994 (+37.9°C), and the lowest was recorded on 8 January 1985 (-30.0°C). Annual rainfall in Wroclaw is 620 mm per year. Wroclaw's major industries were traditionally the manufacture of railroad cars and electronics. In recent years the City Council has run an active policy to attract foreign investors from the high-tech sector. This resulted among others in the location of LG Electronics production cluster in Kobierzyce near Wroclaw. After 1989, Wroclaw became a significant financial centre and houses the headquarters of several nationwide financial institutions. As of the end of 2008, Wroclaw enjoyed a very low unemployment level of just 3.2% compared with the national level of 8.7%. In 2008, per capita gross domestic product in Wroclaw came to 27755$ (in Poland 17625$).

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